The Vital Spark

BookThe Vital Spark

The Vital Spark

The British Coastal Trade, 1700-1930

Research in Maritime History, 40


October 18th, 2017

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This book collects seventeen previously published essays by John Armstrong concerning the British coastal trade. Armstrong is a leading maritime historian and the essays provided here offer a thorough exploration of the British coastal trade, his specialisation, during the period of industrialisation and technological development that would lead to modern shipping. The purpose is to demonstrate the whether or not the coastal trade was the main carrier of internal trade and a pioneer of the technical developments that modernised the shipping industry. Each essay makes an original contribution to the field and covers a broad range of topics, including the fluctuating importance of the coastal trade and size of the coastal fleet over time; the relationship between coastal shipping, canals, and railways; a comparison between the coastal liner and coastal tramp trade; the significance of the river Thames in enabling trade; coastal trade economics; maritime freight rates; the early twentieth century shipping depression; competition between coastal liner companies; and a detailed study of the role of the government in coastal shipping. The book also contains case studies of the London coal trade; coastal trade through the River Dee port; and the Liverpool-Hull trade route. It contains a foreword, introduction, and bibliography of Armstrong’s writings. There is no overall conclusion, except the assertion that coastal shipping plays a tremendous role in British maritime history, and a call for further research into the field.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents
Section TitlePagePrice
Title Page3
Copyright Page4
Table of Contents7
Series Editor's Foreword9
About the Author11
Chapter 1: British Coastal Shipping: A Research Agenda for the European Perspective17
Chapter 2: The Significance of Coastal Shipping in British Domestic Transport, 1550-183031
Chapter 3 : The British Coastal Fleet in the Eighteenth Century: How Useful Are the Admiralty's Registers of Protection from Impressment?57
Chapter 4: Management Response in British Coastal Shipping Companies to Railway Competition77
Chapter 5: Conferences in British Nineteenth-Century Coastal Shipping93
Chapter 6: Coastal Shipping: The Neglected Sector of Nineteenth-Century British Transport History107
Chapter 7: Railways and Coastal Shipping in Britain in the Later Nineteenth Century: Cooperation and Competition119
Chapter 8: The Crewing of British Coastal Colliers, 1870-1914145
Chapter 9: Late Nineteenth-Century Freight Rates Revisited: Some Evidence from the British Coastal Coal Trade165
Chapter 10: Liverpool to Hull - By Sea?197
Chapter 11: Government Regulation in the British Shipping Industry, 1830-1913: The Role of the Coastal Sector221
Chapter 12: An Estimate of the Importance of the British Coastal Liner Trade in the Early Twentieth Century239
Chapter 13: The Role of Coastal Shipping in UK Transport: An Estimate of Comparative Traffic Movements in 1910259
Chapter 14: Climax and Climacteric: The British Coastal Trade, 1870-1930277
Chapter 15: The Shipping Depression of 1901 to 1911: The Experience of Freight Rates in the British Coastal Coal Trade299
Chapter 16: The Coastal Trade of Connah's Quay in the Early Twentieth Century: A Preliminary Investigation321
Chapter 17: The Cinderella of the Transport World: The Historiography of the British Coastal Trade343