Code of Conduct

Liverpool University Press is committed to maintaining the highest ethical standards, therefore we ask that all contributors and reviewers adhere to the COPE Code of Conduct. More info can be found on the COPE website.


Liverpool University Press Journals Publication Ethics Statement 

LUP is committed to maintaining the highest ethical standards across its journals, and recommends the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) Best Practice Guidelines. 

Publication Ethics for Journal Editors 

Editors should act in a fair and balanced way when judging manuscripts or carrying out their editorial duties, without discrimination on grounds of gender, ethnicity, sexual orientation or religious/political beliefs. 

Editors should handle submissions in a fair, balanced and timely way and treat all manuscripts as confidential, sharing with others for the purposes of peer review only. Editors should remain in good contact with authors, reviewers, and the publisher. 

Conflict of interest – Editors should have processes in place for dealing with any conflict of interest (should it be their own or that of an editorial board member or reviewer) and should declare any conflict of interest to an appropriate person, e.g. a member of the editorial board. 

Submissions should be handled in a timely manner, with editors being accountable for everything published in the journal. Measures should be in place to assess the quality of the material they accept for the journal and there should be a willingness to publish corrections/clarifications when needed. 

Peer Review – should be transparent and decisions should be made based on quality and suitability for the journal and without interference from the journal publisher/owner. Peer Reviewers’ identities should be protected unless an open review system is used. 

Guidelines for authors, peer reviewers and editorial board members should be available. 

Commercial considerations should not affect editorial decisions, in that funded issues should be handled in the same way as standard issues. Articles should always be accepted on the basis of their academic merit only. 

Any misconduct complaints should be handled with all due care and attention, allowing authors to respond to any allegation. Editors should refer to the COPE flowcharts in these cases. 

Publication Ethics for Journal Authors 

Authors should submit only original research, and cite content from other sources to avoid plagiarism. 

Manuscripts should not be submitted that are being considered for publication elsewhere. 

Material should not be plagiarised from other sources and should be fully cited so that the original source can be easily found. Permission to use copyrighted third party material must be obtained. LUP cannot publish third party material without this permission. 

Authors should make sure that their contribution contains no libellous matter, and should disclose any conflict of interest on submission. 

All authors should be accurately named, and their contribution acknowledged. All authors should be aware of the submission to the journal, and agree to the corresponding author signing a copyright form on their behalf. The corresponding author should communicate with the editor/publisher in a timely manner. 

All funding sources should be acknowledged, as should all other sources of support (including funding for an Open Access Article Publishing Charge). 

Authors should notify the publisher if there are any errors in the published piece, and work with them on an erratum, addendum or retraction if necessary. 

Authors have the right to appeal editorial decisions, but should cooperate with the editor or publisher in any investigations of misconduct. 

Publication Ethics for Journal Reviewers 

Reviewers should inform the editor if they do not feel they are qualified/do not have the time to review a manuscript and declare any potential conflicts of interest relating to a manuscript or author. 

Treat all manuscripts as confidential, along with any other information or material supplied during the review process. 

Review the material in a timely way with care, consideration and objectivity. 

Inform the editor or publisher of any published/submitted content that may be similar to the material under review, or any suspected plagiarism